Lumen prize : about Digital Art
In Programmed, one in all the four walls of lumen prize Wall Drawing #289 (1976), that implements the instruction “24 lines from the middle, twelve lines from the center of every of the perimeters, twelve lines from every corner,” is close with Casey Reas’s Structure #003 A and #003 B (2004/2016). Reas’s package executes the directions, “A surface full of 100 medium to little circles. every circle incorporates a completely different size and direction, however moves at a similar slow rate. The instant intersections of the circles of lumen. The mixture intersections of the circles.” Rees’s Structures explicitly reference the work of LeWitt and explore the connexion of abstract art to the concept of package art.
The creative person of Digital Art starts his method by writing matter descriptions that define dynamic relations between visual parts so implements them as package. Reas is additionally acknowledge for having created, along side mount Fry, the artificial language process, Associate in Nursing ASCII text file development atmosphere mistreatment the Java language that strives to show nonprogrammers the basics of programing in an exceedingly visual context.
It is the lumen award that instruction-based practices of the Nineteen Sixties like abstract art developed at a similar time once artists began to use computers to form early recursive art. The pioneers of this form wrote code that was hold on punch cards so run through a laptop to drive pen plotters that might produce “digital drawings” on paper. Early practitioners became called Algorisms and enclosed artists Harold Cohen, Victor Herbert Franke, Manfred Mohr, Vera Ferenc Molnar, Frieder Nake, and Roman Verostko, likewise as Chuck Csuri, town Hammersley, and Joan Truckenbrod, every of whose work is on read in Programmed.
In lumen projects Csuri created undulation Man (1967), called the primary figurative laptop drawing exhausted the us, at Ohio State University unitedly with engineer James Shaffer mistreatment Associate in Nursing IBM 7094, thought-about one in all the foremost powerful computers of the first Nineteen Sixties. The 7094 was used by NASA in each the Gemini and Phoebus Apollo house programs, and it absolutely was employed in early missile defense systems likewise. The output of the 7094 consisted of 4-×-7-inch “punch cards” that hold on data to drive a drum plotter, specifying once to choose the fold, move it, and place it down, likewise as once the tip of a line had been reached, and so on.
Other lumen instruction-based practices originating within the Nineteen Sixties were the events and “happenings” of the international Fluxus cluster of artists, musicians, and performers, that were additionally typically supported the execution of precise directions. Their fusion of audience participation and event are often seen as a precursor of the interactive, event-based nature of the many of today’s laptop artworks. The ideas of the found component and directions in relevance randomness additionally shaped the premise of the musical compositions of vanguard yank musician John Cage, whose add the Nineteen Fifties and ’60s is most relevant to the history of digital art, anticipating varied experiments in interactive art.
In lumen video lumen art competition Cage delineated structure in music as its quality into sequential components, and sometimes stuffed the pre-defined structural components of his compositions with found, preexistence sounds. In Programmed, the affiliation between musical scores and instruction-based art is evinced within the work Dance (1979), a collaboration between dancer and creator Lucinda Childs and Sol LeWitt, with a score by Philip Glass. Projected onto the gallery floor below video documentation of Dance are Childs’s diagrams that define the movements of the dancers playing to Glass’s music, which—similar thereto of Cage—uses repetitive structures.